Folk Play Links - Soulers, Souling, etc

Compiled by C. Little



Some non-play customs and their practitioners have the same names as the plays and their actors. e.g. Cakers, Guisers, Mummers, Pace Eggers, Morris Dancers, Plough Bullocks, Soulers, Sword Dancers etc. This can be confusing.

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


Cheshire

001 * A Glossary of Words used in the County of Cheshire [by Robert Holland, 1885-86, pp.330 - entry for 'Soul-Cakers or Soulers'; 506-513 - 'Customs' - 'Souling or Soul-Caking']
002 * A History of Altrincham and Bowdon, [by Alfred Ingham, 1879, pp.142-143 - "souling"]
003 * An Attempt at a Glossary of Some Words used in Cheshire [2nd edition, with considerable additions, only] [by Roger Wilbraham, 1826, pp.110-111 - 'Appendix' - entry for 'Souling']
004 * Cheshire Folk Lore [by [Frances M. Wilbraham ??][Fanny, daughter of Randle Wilbraham III], in Monthly Packet of Evening Readings for Younger Members of the English Church, Ser.1 Vol.XXIV Pt.CXLIV, Dec. 1862, pp 661-662 - [Rode Hall, Rode Heath ??] "souling" song]
005 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by W.T. Kenyon [Rector of Malpas], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.185-186 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 10th Nov. 1880 - Malpas song]
006 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by G. H. [George Hancock], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.194-195 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 24th Nov. 1880 - Mow Cop song]
007 * Custom on All Souls' Day [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.II No.50, 12th Dec. 1868, p.553 - [Mount Pleasant ? & Mow Cop ?] song]
008 * Dictionary of Customs [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.XII No.311, 14th Dec. 1867, p.479 - Mow Cop [parishes on and round] "souling" song; (Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode & Church Lawton [parishes] "guisers" song;) (Knotty Ash & West Derby song)]
009 * English County Songs [extract from Broadwood & Maitland, 1893 - at Tattenhall, 1891 - informed by Rev A.P. Holme [Rector of Tattenhall]]
010 * Folk-Lore : Old Customs and Tales of my Neighbours [by Fletcher Moss, 1898, pp.60-62 - 'Souling' - [complilation?]]
011 * From John O' Groats to Land's End [by John & Robert Naylor, 1916 - "Soulers" or "Soul-Cakers" at Grappenhall; (Grappenhall Mummers fragment)]
012 * Gleanings from the history of Styal [by T. Tonge, [1883], p.9 - (pace-egging;) soul-caking - unfortunately, untold because he didn't have time - [incidentally, he emigrated to Colorado]]
013 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by [Rev] John Pickford [born at Congleton], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.260, 21st Dec. 1872, p.495 - "Souling" at Congleton, some thirty years since]
014 * Knutsford, its Traditions and History : [by Henry Green [Unitarian Minister of Knutsford], 1859, pp.(79-80 - at [Heathfield][School Close], Knutsford, a few years ago; citation of Barthomley, by Rev Edward Hinchliffe, 1856, pp.141-143; extract from The History of the County Palatine and City of Cheshire;, by George Ormerod, 1819, Vol.I p.lii;) 81-83 - souling at Knutsford]
015 * Lichfield [History of the Diocese] [by William Beresford [born at Bosley][Vicar of St Luke's, Leek], n.d., p.225fn - ("Old Hob"; acting "soulers";) soul-cake begging in East Cheshire (& Staffordshire)]
016 * Macklesfelde in ye Olden Time [Macclesfield] [by Isaac Finney, 1873, chap.XX]
017 * Malpas Town, Parish, and Church [citation of Rev W.T. Kenyon [Rector of Malpas], in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, New Ser. Vol.3, 1890]
018 * Memorials of Old Cheshire [eds. by Ven Edward Barber & Rev P.H. Ditchfield, 1910, pp.230-237 - 'Some Cheshire Customs Customs, Proverbs, and Folk-Lore', by Joseph C. Bridge]
019 * Mummers [by C.V. Goddard [Curate of St Oswald's, Chester], in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.16, [Apr.] 1883, p.218 - Chester "Soleing" song; ("Mummers" at Upton)]
020 * Notes on a Portion of the Northern Borders of Staffordshire : The Village of Bosley [by [Rev] William Beresford [born at Bosley], in Reliquary, Vol.IV No.-, Oct. 1863, p.116 - souling at Bosley; (at Bosley)]
021 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions [by James Orchard Halliwell] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.412-414 - 'St. Catharine's Day' - (extract from Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire, by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117; [unlocated] Worcestershire song - informed by George Stephens [- extract from Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales:, by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, p.238]; extract from Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing, by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18;) [unlocated] Cheshire song]
022 * Old and Odd Memories [2nd impression] [by Lionel A. Tollemache [son of 1st Baron], 1908, pp.8-9, 61 - "Souling" at [Peckforton Castle, Peckforton]]
023 * On Ancient Customs of Cheshire [by Llewellynn Jewitt, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.V, 1850, pp.252-253 - a-souling]
024 * Soul Cakes [by A.J. M. [Arthur Joseph Munby], in Notes & Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426 - souling at Chester; ("soul cakes" at Church Pulverbatch, before 1853) - informed of both by a lady [Georgina F. Jackson] - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-382]
025 * Soul-Caking" [by Wingeham [Arthur Hussey ?], in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.81, 15th Jul. 1893, p.49 - at [unlocated], a few years ago]
026 * Souling [by [Rev] Lewis Evans [Head Master of Sandbach Free Grammar School], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.IV No.113, 27th Dec. 1851, p.506 - at Sandbach]
027 * Souling Songs [citation of J.C. Bridge, in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, Vol.6 Pt.I, 1897, pp.74-75]
028 * Souling Songs [by J.C. Bridge, in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, Vol.6 Pt.I, 1897, pp.74-75]
029 * Stray Notes : Soul Cakes [by [Editor][J. Brownbill], in Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol.LXXI (New Ser. Vol.XXXV), Year 1919, p.92 - "sole cakes" at [Wardle Old? Hall], Wardle, circa 1493]
030 * Tattenhall : being a sketch of the village of that name near Chester from notes and writings by the late R.O. Orton [by D.M. O. [Orton][his daughter], [1908] - 'Amusements of the Folk of the old time' - citation of Marten? - "Souling", beginning of the nineteenth century]
031 * The Charge of Shooting against a Master of Foxhounds [in Aberdare Times: ..., No.664, 15th Nov. 1873, p.3ab - "souling" at Daleford]
032 * The Folk-Speech of South Cheshire [by Thomas Darlington, 1887, pp.361-362 - entry for 'Soul']
033 * The History of the County Palatine and City of Cheshire; [by George Ormerod, 1819, Vol.I pp.li-lii - (Sandbach text, 1817) - informed of both by John Edwards (& citation of copy owned by Francis Douce of Alexander and the king of Egypt;, 1788;) Sandbach "Soulers" song; (Old Hob)]
034 * Tipyn o Bob Peth [in Cambrian News : Merionethshire Standard, and Aberystwyth Times, Vol.XVI No.783, 12th Nov. 1875, p.7d - "souling" at Tarporley]
035 * Variations and Fugue on a Cheshire Souling Song [Score for hire: by Colin Hand, 1970 - Other Work]
036 * Village History Scrapbook [Cheshire Record Office] [by Upton Heath Women's Institute, 1951 - (at Upton Heath, in the mid nineteenth century;) Upton Heath "souling" songs]

Herefordshire

037 * Festa Anglo-Romana : [by A True Son of the Church of England [Anon], 1678, p.109 - 'All Souls' - Papists' "Soul-Mass Cakes" couplet [- extract from Glossographia: [3rd edition only]] - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
038 * Glossographia: [3rd edition only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1670, p.600 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in (Lancashire &) Herefordshire - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
039 * Herefordshire New-Year Customs [by T.H. Pattison, in Willis's Current Notes, Vol.VI No.LXI, Jan. 1856, p.1 - Bromyard song]

Lancashire

040 * Dictionary of Customs [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.XII No.311, 14th Dec. 1867, p.479 - (Mow Cop [parishes on and round] "souling" song;) (Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode & Church Lawton [parishes] "guisers" song;) Knotty Ash & West Derby song]
041 * Festa Anglo-Romana : [by A True Son of the Church of England [Anon], 1678, p.109 - 'All Souls' - Papists' "Soul-Mass Cakes" couplet [- extract from Glossographia: [3rd edition only]] - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
042 * Glossographia: [2nd edition [Reissue] only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1661, img.296 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in Lancashire - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
043 * Glossographia: [3rd edition only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1670, p.600 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in Lancashire (& Herefordshire) - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
044 * History of the Fylde of Lancashire [by John Porter, 1876, pp.(106 - chapbook fragment;) 107 - Soul-pence at Marton [township][Great Marton], in late years]
045 * Lancashire Folk-Lore: [comps. & eds. by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1867, pp.254-256 - 'Christmas Customs in the Fylde' - extract from History of Blackpool, by William Thornber [Incumbent [Perpetual Curate] of Blackpool][! born at Poulton-le-Fylde], 1837 , pp.88-92 - (Christmas "Mutes";) saumas cake - both at Poulton-le-Fylde, about eighty years ago]
046 * Lancashire Legends, Traditions, Pageants, Sports, & c. [by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1873, p.127 - 'Eccles Wakes and Eccles Cakes' [- extract from History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.III p.124fn] - "soul-mass cakes" couplet]
047 * Medii Aevi Kalendarium [by R.T. Hampson, 1841, Vol.I p.375 [- extract from History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.IV pp.435-436] - "Psalm-caking" at Great Marton, formerly; [citation of Vol.III p.124fn]]

North Yorkshire

048 * A History of Whitby, and Streoneshalh Abbey; [by Rev George Young [Associate Synod Minister of Whitby], 1817, Vol.II p.882 - "soul mass loaves"]

Shropshire

049 * A Catalogue of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, ; and preserved in the British Museum [by [Humphrey Wanley et al.][Librarian to 1st Earl of Oxford], 1759 & 1763 - 'Preface + Index', Vol.II - 'Ms. 2131' - No.24 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
050 * A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum [by [Henry Ellis][Keeper of the Manuscripts], 1819, Pt.II p.85 - 'Ms. 231 [Bishop [White] Kennett Papers]' - ff.101-240 - manuscript for Remains of Gentilism and Judaism, by John Aubrey]
051 * A History of Shrewsbury [by [[Rev] H. Owen [Perpetual Curate of St Julian's, Shrewsbury] & [Rev] J.B. Blakeway [Perpetual Curate of St Mary's, Shrewsbury]], 1825, Vol.II p.268 - "soul-cakes", within memory]
052 * A History of Tong, Shropshire, [2nd edition - with additions] [by George Griffiths, 1894, p.152 - souling]
053 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.198-199 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 1st Dec. 1880 - at Oswestry - extract from article, in Bye-Gones Relating to Wales and the Border Counties - as Oswestry Advertiser, 11th Dec. 1872; (Children's Rhymes on New-Year's Morn, by Rev Elias Owen, in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XI, 1878, pp.155-158)]
054 * Circle of the Seasons, and Perpetual Key to the Calendar and Almanack; [by [Thomas Forster], 1828, p.318 - 'Nov. 13' - Bridgnorth song - informed by [?]]
055 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388; (221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by Poole, p.35 - itself extract from article, in Bilston Mercury - Bilston song; 222 - [unlocated] near Tamworth & Aston songs; 224 - extract from article, in Birmingham Weekly Post, 13th Sep. 1879 - Alrewas song)]
056 * Esgobaeth Llanelwy : A History of the Diocese of St Asaph, General, Cathedral, and Parochial [by Rev D.R. Thomas, [1870-]1874, [Vol.II] pp.(553 - 'The Deanery of Llanwrst : Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr' - "Bwyd Cennad y Meirw";) 675 - 'The Deanery of Oswestry : Whittington' - "Souling", until a comparatively modern period]
057 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.256, 23rd Nov. 1872, p.409 - Oswestry song]
058 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.261, 28th Dec. 1872, p.525 - extract from article, in Oswestry Advertiser, [11th Dec. 1872]]
059 * Liber Festivalis][as a Group B Ms.] [by [John Mirk][Canon of Lilleshall Abbey], 1483, img.112 - 'Commemoracio Animarum' - bread dole - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
060 * Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey, and their Descendants to the Present Time [by Rev John Watson, 1782, Vol.I p.217 - paraphrasing British Library Harleian Ms. 2131 - soul-cakes at [Ightfield Hall], Ightfield, 1484]
061 * Memorials of Old Shropshire [ed. by [Rev] Thomas Auden, 1906, pp.(139-140;) 140-141 - 'Folk-Lore: Legends and Old Customs', by Charlotte S. Burne - (Guisers;) soulers]
062 * Notes on the Church, Castle, and Parish of Shrawardine [by Rev John Ernest Auden [Curate of Shrawardine][nephew of Rev Thomas Auden][incidentally, uncle of W.H. Auden], in Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2nd Ser. Vol.VII, 1895, p.151 - "Souling" for "Soul cakes", died out now]
063 * Old Shropshire Life [by Lady Catherine Milnes Gaskell, 1904, pp.227-240, 216-217 - 'The Return of Joy' - Brockton, Easthope, Weston, Bourton, Callaughton, Much Wenlock & Munslow seen at Shipton Hall, Shipton - Literary Work]
064 * Parochial History of Llanymynech [by John Fewtrell, in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XII, 1879, p.385 - song]
065 * Precious Bane [by Mary Webb, 1924, pp.204-205 - Literary Work]
066 * Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme [- as British Library Lansdowne Ms. 231] [by John Aubrey, ed. by James Britten, 1881, p.23 - 'Soule-cakes']
067 * Seven for a Secret [by Mary Webb, 1922, p.127 - Literary Work]
068 * Soul Cakes [by A.J. M. [Arthur Joseph Munby], in Notes & Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426 - (souling at Chester;) "soul cakes" at Church Pulverbatch, before 1853 - informed of both by a lady [Georgina F. Jackson] - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-382]
069 * Souling [by [Rev] W. Fraser [Curate of Hordley], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.IV No.107, 15th Nov. 1851, p.381 - [Hordley] song - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, p.383fn1]
070 * The Golden Arrow [by Mary Webb, 1916, Chapter 41 - soul cake couplet - Literary Work]

South Yorkshire

071 * The Hallamshire Glossary [by Rev Joseph Hunter, 1829, p.83 - entry for 'Somas-Cake' (- paraphrasing Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey, and their Descendants to the Present Time, by Rev John Watson, 1782, Vol.I p.217 [- in Shropshire])]

Staffordshire

072 * A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, in Staffordshire [by John Sleigh, 1862, pp.138 - Souling song; (139 - Plough Monday)]
073 * A History of the County of Stafford. Vol.07 [ed. by M.W. Greenslade, 1996, pp.146 - 'Leek : Leek and Lowe : Social and Cultural Activities', by N.J. Tringham - citation of A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, [2nd edition], by John Sleigh, [1883], pp.217-218; 223-229 - 'Rushton Spencer' - citation of An Account of the Ancient Chapel of Rushton, by Norwood, 1856, p.16; Souling, Clementing, and Catterning : (Three November Customs of the Western Midlands), by Charlotte S. Burne, in North Staffordshire Field Club : Annual Report and Transactions, Vol.XLIX, 1914-1915, pp.117-131 - as below, but members at the 24th Nov. 1914 Stone meeting at which paper read added - at Barlaston, Endon, Leek, Scothay, Talke, Tiffenson & Weston-upon-Trent]
074 * All Souls' Day Ditty [by Celer et Audax [Lieut Henry Adam Frederick Fergusson Coventry], in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.III No.69, 22nd Apr. 1899, p.316 - just a correction for [Killinghall ?] song]
075 * All Souls' Day Ditty [by Celer et Audax [Lieut Henry Adam Frederick Fergusson Coventry], in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.III No.60, 18th Feb. 1899, p.126 - extract from Varia, by Peter Lombard [Canon Benham], in Church Times, Vol.XL No.1866, 28th Oct. 1898, p.496c - Weston-upon-Trent song]
076 * Brown Edge [Peter Turner - souling song; (guizing song)]
077 * Clemening" in Staffordshire [in Illustrated London News, Vol.XXXI No.0895 [Christmas Supplement], 26th Dec. 1857, pp.650; 649 - as N&Q; with illustration of Mere Farm, Enville, by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington]]
078 * Clementing," in Staffordshire and Worcestershire [by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington][wife to be born at Wolverley], in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1857, pp.495-496 - [Enville seen at Bobbington] song; (Wolverley song; extract from Notes and Queries for Worcestershire, by John Noake, 1856, p.216)]
079 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.(218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388;) 221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by Poole, n.d., p.35 - itself extract from article, in Bilston Mercury - Bilston song; 222 - [unlocated] near Tamworth (& Aston) songs; 224 - extract from article, in Birmingham Weekly Post, 13th Sep. 1879 - Alrewas song]
080 * Guisers' Play, Songs, and Rhymes from Staffordshire [by Charlotte S. Burne, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.IV No.4, Oct? 1886, pp.(350-357 - Eccleshall text; citation of Shropshire Folk-Lore, p.483;) 357-358 - 'Souling Songs' - Eccleshall & Keele songs; citation of Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-388]
081 * History and Antiquities of the Town and Neighbourhood of Uttoxeter, [2nd, revised, edition only] [by Francis Redfern, 1886, pp.355-356 - Gratwich song heard at Field; at Uttoxeter; geesers or guisers at Gratton, Horton; (citation of Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons, by Mrs Howitt)]
082 * Lectures, Verses, Speeches, Reminiscences, & c. [by William Challinor, 1891, p.34 - as A Few Gleanings Connected with the "History of Leek" [by John Sleigh], in Staffordshire Sentinel, 26th Mar. 1864 - "Soul caking", (Plough Monday, no longer, guisers at Christmas, now)]
083 * Lichfield [History of the Diocese] [by William Beresford [born at Bosley][Vicar of St Luke's, Leek], n.d., p.225fn - ("Old Hob"; acting "soulers";) soul-cake begging in (East Cheshire &) Staffordshire]
084 * Links with the Past [by Mrs Charles Bagot [Sophy Louisa Bagot][wife of grandson of 6th Baronet / 1st Baron], 1901, pp.189-190, 157-159 - extract from journal, by Miss Mary Bagot [daughter of Rector of Blithfield][niece of 6th Baronet / 1st Baron] - All Soul's Eve; Morrice-dancers; Abbots Bromley horn dance; (Rugeley seen at Blithfield [Hall, Admaston])]
085 * Miscellaneous Communications [by Otiosus [pseud], in Monthly Repository, Vol.XII No.CXXXVI, Apr. 1817, pp.209-210 - extract from The Conformity between Modern and Ancient Ceremonies,, 1745, p.xx; "Soul-Cakes" still extant?]
086 * Miscellaneous Communications [by Anti-Imposition [pseud], in Monthly Repository, Vol.XII No.CXL, Aug. 1817, p.471 - song in Staffordshire, about thirty-seven years ago; at [unlocated], fourteen or fifteen years ago - informed by his female friend [Anon]]
087 * Mummers [by J. G. [Julia Goddard], in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.14, [Feb.] 1883, pp.105-106 + No.17, [May], pp.275-276 - (at Little Aston;) Little Aston song]
088 * New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr John Milton [by Francis Peck, 1740, p.225 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
089 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions [by James Orchard Halliwell] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.393 - 'Allhallow Even' - [unlocated] Staffordshire song; (citation of pp.412-414; extract from A History of Whitby,, by Young; 394fn - extract from The Hallamshire Glossary, by Hunter)]
090 * Recommended to Mercy [in Aberdare Times: ..., No.772, 18th Dec. 1875, p.3e - "Souling Day" at Brown Edge]
091 * Soul-Caking" [by F. Adams, in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.84, 5th Aug. 1893, p.117 - extract from Popular Antiquities, by Brand, 1849, Vol.I p.393]
092 * St. Clement's Apple Feast in Staffordshire [by G.E.T.S.R. N., in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.VIII No.217, 24th Dec. 1853, p.618 - [Lapley ?] song]
093 * St. Clement's Day [by F.C. H. [F.C. Husenbeth], in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1863, p.492 - [Sedgley Park, Sedgley ?] song, fifty years ago]
094 * Staffordshire Superstitions [by Dorothea Townshend [daughter of Perpetual Curate of Hilderstone], in Folk-Lore, Vol.VIII No.1, Mar. 1897, p.70 - "going souling" song; (guisers;) both at Hilderstone, forty years ago]
095 * Survey of English Dialects [Audio of F. Johnson - Edingale Clementsing ditty]
096 * The Folklore of Staffordshire [by C.S. Burne, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, New Ser. Vol.II, 1896, pp.31-32 - ("Guisers" at Eccleshall, at Cheadle & about Rugeley;) "souling" in north Staffordshire, but "Clementing" in south Staffordshire; (Plough Monday at some villages on the Trent [unlocated] near Burton)]
097 * The Parish and the Priest: Colloquies on [by [Francis Edward Paget ??][Rector of Elford], 1858, pp.6-9 - Fisherford [Elford] "Clementsing" ditty]
098 * The Plays of William Shakspeare. To which are added notes by Samuel Johnson and George Steevens [2nd edition - revised and augmented - only] [by William Shakespeare, 1778, Vol.I, p.142fn - 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' - note by George Tollet - "a souling" at [Betley Hall, Betley ?]; citation of New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr John Milton, by Francis Peck, 1740, p.225 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
099 * The Staffordshire Village Book [extract from comp. Staffordshire Federation of Women's Institutes, 198? - 'Alton' - ditty, not for the last 50 years]

Wales

100 * Antiquities of Llangollen Parish [Continued] [by Gwynedd [William Jones ?], in Llangollen Advertiser and North Wales Journal, Vol.XL No.2123, 2nd Feb. 1900, p.3ab - "Bwyd Cenedl y Meirw"]
101 * Carmarthenshire Gleanings (Kidwelly) [by Rev Gruffydd Evans [was Vicar of Kidwelly], in Y Cymmrodor, Vol.XXV, 1915, pp.113-114]
102 * Carmarthenshire Gleanings (Kidwelly) [by Rev Gruffydd Evans [was Vicar of Kidwelly], in Y Cymmrodor, Vol.XXV, 1915, pp.113-114 - "souling" in parts of Teifi Valley; paraphrasing Welsh Ecclesiastical Terms : [I], by Rev John Fisher, in St David's College and School Magazine, New Ser. No.2, Mar. 1889, pp.92-93 - "a-souling" [- itself paraphrasing Old Stone Crosses of the Vale of Clwyd and Neighbouring Parishes,, by Rev Elias Owen [Rector of Efenechtyd], [1886], p.98]]
103 * Children's Rhymes on New-Year's Morn [by Rev Elias Owen [was Curate of Llanwnog], in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XI, 1878, pp.155-158 - Caersws song - he had forgotten it but his children remembered!]
104 * Ernest Helme and the 1924 Gower Pageant [by Robert Lucas, in Gower, Vol.XLVIII, 1997, pp.71, 73 - Llanmadoc song]
105 * Esgobaeth Llanelwy : A History of the Diocese of St Asaph, General, Cathedral, and Parochial [by Rev D.R. Thomas, [1870-]1874, [Vol.II] pp.553 - 'The Deanery of Llanwrst : Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr' - "Bwyd Cennad y Meirw"; (675 - 'The Deanery of Oswestry : Whittington' - "Souling", until a comparatively modern period)]
106 * Manners and Customs of the People of Tenby in the Eighteenth Century [by L.P. Barnaschone, in Cambrian Journal, Vol.IV, 1857, pp.185 - "souling" or "sowling"; (193-195 - text)]
107 * Mick Tems Archive [song in Gower Peninsula]
108 * New Year's Day Custom [by W. Williams, in Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.IX No.212, 19th Jan. 1878, p.46 - Pontypridd [Calennig] song]
109 * Notes on Men & Things [in Cambrian and Weekly General Advertiser for Swansea ..., No.5535, 6th Dec. 1907, p.4b - extract from article, in Gower Church Magazine - "a-souling" at Pennard, in bye-gone days]
110 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis [Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum], 1813, Vol.I pp.307-309 - 'Allhallow Even' - fnS - "Soul Cakes" - informed by [Thomas] Pennant]
111 * Old Stone Crosses of the Vale of Clwyd and Neighbouring Parishes, together with some account of the Ancient Manners and Customs and Legendary Lore connected with the parishes [by Rev Elias Owen [Rector of Efenechtyd], [1886], p.98 - 'Llanasa' - "Bwyd Cenad y Meirw" at Clocaenog [- informed by Robert Roberts ?]; also many parishes in Denbighshire and Merionethshire]
112 * Review of "Overton : In Days Gone By", by George John Howson [Rector of Overton] [in Archaeologia Cambrensis, 5th Ser. Vol.II No.V, Jan. 1885, p.80 - "Souling" at Overton [in English Maelor]]
113 * The Englishry" of Pembrokeshire and its Dialect [by Thomas Purnell, in Cambrian Journal, [New Ser. Vol.II], 1859, p.306 - "souling"]
114 * The Funeral Customs of Wales [by W.R. H., in Red Dragon, Vol.VI No.[5], [May] 1884, p.437 - "bwyd cenad y meirw" at Bala, within the memory of middle-aged people]

Warwickshire

115 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.(218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388; 221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by Poole, n.d., p.35 - itself extract from article, in Bilston Mercury - Bilston song;) 222 - ([unlocated] near Tamworth &) Aston songs; (224 - extract from article, in Birmingham Weekly Post, 13th Sep. 1879 - Alrewas song)]

Worcestershire

116 * Clementing," in Staffordshire and Worcestershire [by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington][wife to be born at Wolverley], in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1857, pp.495-496 - ([Enville seen at Bobbington] song;) Wolverley song; extract from Notes and Queries for Worcestershire, by John Noake, 1856, p.216]
117 * Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire [by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117 - [unlocated] Worcestershire "a Cattaring" song, nearly extinct]
118 * Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing [by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18 - Droitwich Spa "Catoning and Clememing" song, till within the last twenty years - informed by a gentleman [Anon]]
119 * Notes and Queries for Worcestershire [by John Noake, 1856, pp.215-216 - 'Old Customs : St. Catharine's Day' - at Leigh, Harvington & Offenham]
120 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions [by James Orchard Halliwell] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.412-414 - 'St. Catharine's Day' - extract from Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire, by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117; [unlocated] Worcestershire song - informed by George Stephens [- extract from Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales:, by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, p.238]; extract from Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing, by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18; ([unlocated] Cheshire song)]
121 * Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales: A sequel to the Nursery Rhymes of England [by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, pp.238, x - 'Catherning' - [unlocated] song [- informed by George Stephens]]
122 * Proceedings of the Annual Meeting held at Worcester [in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.IV, 1849, p.307 - 'August 15 : Evening Meeting' - Catherning paper read by Mr [F.W.] Fairholt on behalf of Mr [J.O.] Halliwell]
123 * St. Clement's and St. Thomas's Day [by T. Goldseer, in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.V No.130, 24th Apr. 1852, p.393 - at [unlocated]]

[General]

124 * A Motive to Good Workes [by Phillip Stubbes, 1593, p.124 - Papists' pretenced good worke of giving soule-cakes - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
125 * Clavis Calendaria; [by John Brady, 1812, Vol.II, p.229 [- paraphrasing Brand]]
126 * Mummers [by Joseph Smith Jun, in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.18, [Jun.] 1883, pp.322-323]
127 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis [Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum], 1813, Vol.I pp.309-310 - 'Allhallow Even' - fnU - extract from Festa Anglo-Romana, p.109; (extract from The Plays of William Shakspeare. To which are added notes by Samuel Johnson and George Steevens - 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' - note by George Tollet; note by rev. - extract from British Library Lansdowne Ms. 226 [now 231])]
128 * Something for Everybody; and A Garland for the Year [2nd edition - revised and corrected] [by John Timbs, 1866, pp.115-116 - 'All Souls' Day' - paraphrasing; (130-131 - 'Christmas Eve' - paraphrasing; 145-146 - 'Christmas Customs' - paraphrasing)]
129 * Soul-Caking" [by Everard Home Coleman, in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.84, 5th Aug. 1893, p.117 - citation of (Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426;) Something for Everybody; [2nd edition], by John Timbs, 1866, p.115; Clavis Calendaria;, by John Brady, 1812, Vol.II p.229]
130 * Souling, Clementing, and Catterning: Three November Customs of the Western Midlands [by Charlotte S. Burne, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XXV No.3, Sep. 1914, pp.285-299 - souling in Cheshire, north Shropshire, north Staffordshire; clementing in south Staffordshire; catterning in north Worcestershire; (citation of History of the Fylde of Lancashire, by John Porter, 1876, p.107)]
131 * The Conformity between Modern and Ancient Ceremonies: [by [Pierre Mussard], 1667, trans. by [Rev William Webster ?], 1745, p.xx - 'The Translator's Preface' - "Soul Cakes" in Midland counties - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]

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