Folk Play Links - Plough Monday; Plow Monday (Plough Bullocks; Plough Stots)

Compiled by Chris Little



Some non-play customs and their practitioners have the same names as the plays and their actors. e.g. Cakers, Guisers, Mummers, Pace Eggers, Morris Dancers, Plough Bullocks, Soulers, Sword Dancers etc. This can be confusing.

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


Bedfordshire

001 * Dean - Village in the Wilds [by C.L.F. Brown, in Bedfordshire Magazine, Vol.1 No.2, Autumn 1947 - "small boys sang for ha'pence on Plough Monday". ]

Buckinghamshire

002 * Addenda to Aedes Hartwellianae [by Adm W.H. Smyth, 1864, p.55 - plough witches at Hartwell House, Lower Hartwell]

Cambridgeshire

003 * A History of Grantchester in the County of Cambridge [by S.P. Widnall, 1875, pp.132 - Plough Monday; (135 - Christmas Eve "mumps")]
004 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.05 [ed. by C.R. Elrington, 1973, p.200 - 'Grantchester', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of A History of Grantchester in the County of Cambridge, by S.P. Widnall, 1875, pp.132; (135)]
005 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, p.20 - 'Babraham', by Adrienne B. Rossen - citation of Babraham, by [Adeane], [193?], pp.24-25]
006 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, p.61 - 'Hildersham', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Cambridgeshire Record Office [Ref. 331/Z 6, 1930, Feb., p.10; 331/Z 8, 1939, Feb., pp.12–13. Porter]]
007 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, pp.106 - 'Pampisford', by Adrienne B. Rossen - citation of Cambridgeshire Customs and Folklore, by Enid Porter, 1969, p.98]
008 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, p.128-129 - 'Balsham', by Susan M. Keeling - citation of Cambridge Evening News, 9th Jan. 1973]
009 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, p.249 - 'Sawston', by Adrienne B. Rossen - citation of Sawston :, by Challis, [1935], p.20 & A History of the Village of Sawston, by Teversham, 1942 & 1947, p.254]
010 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.06 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1978, p.265 - 'Whittlesford', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Cambridgeshire Record Office [Ref. R58/5, Vol.VII pp.6–7, 119–120, 125]]
011 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.08 [ed. by A.P.M. Wright, 1982, p.179 - 'Harston', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Harston, 1937, by Greene, 1937, pp.17-19]
012 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.09 [eds. by A.P.M. Wright & C.P. Lewis, 1989, p.166 - 'Madingley', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Cambridgeshire Customs and Folklore, by Enid Porter, 1969, pp.98-99, 102 - [itself extract from Cambridge & County Folk Museum Collection [Ref. local newspaper cutting, undated]]]
013 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.10 [eds. by A.F. Wareham & A.P.M. Wright, 2002, p.xii - 'Swaffham Prior' plate.41 - Cambridge Library Cambridgeshire Collection [Ref. Y.Swa.K29] - [also in Cambridgeshire Customs and Folklore, by Enid Porter, 1969, plate.10]]
014 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.10 [eds. by A.F. Wareham & A.P.M. Wright, 2002, p.277 - 'Swaffham Prior', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Cambridge Chronicle, 5th Jan. 1850, p.2; 6th Jan. 1855, p.5; 9th Jan. 1858, p.5; 7th Jan. 1860, p.5]
015 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.10 [eds. by A.F. Wareham & A.P.M. Wright, 2002, p.340 - 'Burwell', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Burwell, by Richardson, 1990, p.53]
016 * A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol.10 [eds. by A.F. Wareham & A.P.M. Wright, 2002, p.555 - 'Wicken', by A.P.M. Wright - citation of Cambridge Independent Press, 12th Jan. 1861, p.5]
017 * A New Gazetteer; or, Topographical Dictionary of the British Islands and Narrow Seas; [by James A. Sharp, 1852, Vol.I p.330 - at Cambridge]
018 * A Year in Europe [by John Griscom, 1823, Vol.II pp.208-209 - at Cambridge, 1819]
019 * Balsham Ploughmen [photos; programme; newspaper cuttings]
020 * Chronicles: The Orwell Chronicles for Years 1885 to 1894 [extract from Cambridge Chronicle, 15th Jan. 1892]
021 * Folk Life and Traditions of the Fens [extract from Porter, in Folklore, Vol.72, Dec. 1961, p.591 - at Littleport]
022 * FTX-423 - "The Chain of Gold" : Songs & Customs of Cambridgeshire & the Fens [CD for sale: by Peter Kennedy, 2002 - Track 2 - Audio about Plough Monday at Longstanton [sic]]
023 * FTX-452 - As She is Spoke - 2 : Dialect - Midlands & East Anglia [CD for sale: by Peter Kennedy, 1987 - Track 20 - as FTX-423]
024 * Grantae Imagines : Thirty-Six Sonnets [by H. Hailstone, 1886, p.26 - 'XXVI : Plough Monday' - Literary Work]
025 * History of Gamlingay and Neighbourhood [summary of Fowler, 1935, p.12]
026 * Hood Watch: "Bull Shaving" by Reg Dixon [at Downham]
027 * Mistress Judith : A Cambridgeshire Story [US edition] [by C.C. Fraser-Tytler [wife of Rector of Wimpole], 1875, p.251 - Literary Work]
028 * Morris Dancers [by Florence Rivers, in Notes and Queries, 6th Ser. Vol.IX No.214, 2nd Feb. 1884, p.90 - still extant?]
029 * Morris Dancers [by W. R., in Notes and Queries, 6th Ser. Vol.V No.114, 4th Mar. 1882, p.176 - "set" and "Moll" at Madingley, about 1848]
030 * My Life's Pilgrimage [by Thomas Catling, 1911, pp.8, 1 - Mumps at Cambridge]
031 * Plough Monday [by J.G. Frazer, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.V Pt.2, Apr? 1887, p.161 - at Cambridge]
032 * Plough Monday [by J.G. Frazer, in Folk-Lore, Vol.VIII No.II, Jun. 1897, p.184 - at Witchford]
033 * Popular Year-Book [in Sharpe's London Magazine, Vol.I No.12, 17th Jan. 1846, p.182 - at Cambridge, 1836]
034 * Remarkable Days [by [John Millard][Assistant Librarian of the Surrey Institution], in Time's Telescope, 1816, pp.3-4 - at Cambridge]
035 * Scraps of English Folklore, VII [by M.C. Jonas, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XXIV No.II, Jul. [sic] 1913, p.234 - at Ickleton]
036 * Straw-Bear Tuesday [by G.C. Moore Smith, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XX No.2, Jun. 1909, pp.202-203 (- with two photos) - also Plough-Monday at Whittlesey]
037 * The Life and Remains of Edward Daniel Clarke [2nd edition only] [by Rev William Otter, 1825, Vol.II pp.264-265, 246 - at Anstey Hall, Trumpington, 1812]
038 * Wimpole Village and Social Conditions Through the Centuries [extract from Wimpole Women's Institute, 1958]

Derbyshire

039 * A Second Notice of Customs, Notions, and Practices, at Ashford-in-the-Water, Sixty Years Ago [by Thomas Brushfield, in Reliquary, Vol.V No.-, Jan. 1865, pp.152-153 - "Plough Bullocks"; illustration from The Book of Days, ed. by R. Chambers, Vol.I, 1863, pp.94-96]
040 * A Selection of Curious Articles from the Gentleman's Magazine [Vol.I 1809, p.236fn - reprint of On the Octaves of Festivals - Low-Sunday and Plough-Monday, by T. Rowe [Rev Samuel Pegge the Elder [the Rector of Whittington]], Vol.32, Dec. 1762, pp.567-569 - Plough-Bullocks]
041 * History of the Village of Stoney Middleton [by T.E. Cowen, 1910]
042 * Matlock Manor and Parish : Historical & Descriptive [by Benjamin Bryan, 1903, pp.110-111 - "plough bullocks"; (112-114 - Matlock, Matlock Bath & Starkholmes "guisering" text)]
043 * On Ancient Customs and Sports of the County of Derby [extract from Llewellynn Jewitt, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.VII, 1852, pp.199-210]
044 * Spondon Years Ago, by George Wright, 15th Jan. 1915 [internet only]
045 * The Value of European Folklore in the History of Culture [by Charlotte Sophia Burne, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XXI No.I, Mar. 1910, (pp.38-40 - 'Note II. The Horn Dance' - extract from The Natural History of Stafford-shire, by Robert Plot, 1686, p.434; extract from Links with the Past, by Mrs Charles Bagot, 1901, p.190; citation of Sir Benjamin Stone's Pictures /) p.38 - 'Note I. Castleton']
046 * Two Collections of Derbicisms [by Samuel Pegge [Rector of Whittington], eds. by Rev Prof Skeat & Thomas Hallam, 1896, 'Supplement … from a Second Series' pp.(103 - entry for 'Guisers'; 112 - entry for 'Mummers';) 115 - entry for 'Plough Monday']
047 * Whitwell: A Parish History [2nd edition - internet only] [by Whitwell Local History Group, 1991 - 'Plough Monday'; ('The Derby Tup') - itself seems to derive from The Every-Day Book, by Hone]

Durham

048 * History of Hartlepool, [Re-Print edition] [by the late Sir Cuthbert Sharp, 1851, p.176 - ("Guisers" with "mell supper"; sword dancers;) stot plough]
049 * History of Hartlepool, A [1st edition] [extract from Sir Cuthbert Sharp, 1816, p.152 - ("Guisers" with "mell supper"; sword dancers;) stot plough]
050 * The Mysterious Wife [by Gabrielli [Mary Meeke], 1797, Vol.III p.149 - "reminded Henry of the country clowns he had seen in the county of Durham adorned in womens clothes on Plow-Monday" - Literary Work - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]

East Yorkshire

051 * A Glossary of Words used in Holderness in the East-Riding of Yorkshire [by Frederick Ross [Western], Richard Stead [Eastern] & Thomas Holderness [Northern], 1877, pp.28 - entry for 'Besom-Bet'; 62 - entry for 'Fond-pleeaf' [Northern & Western]; 108 - entry for 'Ploo-lads' [Eastern]]
052 * An Oral History of Pocklington and District [extract from Edna Whelan, 1988 - 'Interview with Billy Harrison' - at Nunburnholme]
053 * Beverlac; or the History and Antiquities of the Town of Beverley, [by George Poulson, 1829, Vol.II p.661 - "fool plough"]
054 * Folk Lore of East Yorkshire [by John Nicholson [born at Driffield], 1890, p.17 - "Ploo Lads" at Beverley, 1889 & [Driffield ?]]
055 * Researches into the History of Welton [[2nd edition]] [by Thomas Thompson, 1870, p.190 - "Sword Dancers" superceded by "Plough-boys"]
056 * Sutton-in-Holderness [Sutton-on-Hull] [by Thomas Blashill, 1896, p.290 - plough-boys with "Bladder-Dick" and "Besom-Bet"]
057 * The Autobiography of John Brown the Cordwainer; [ed. by A Clerical Friend [Rev George Huntington][born at Elloughton], 1867, pp.28, 25 - "ploughboying" at Elmington [Elloughton ?]]
058 * The British Workman : Past and Present [by Rev M.C.F. Morris [was Rector of Nunburnholme], 1928, Chapter V [- as below]]
059 * The Folk Speech of East Yorkshire [by John Nicholson, 1889, p.52 - entry for 'Besom' [- extract from A Glossary of Words used in Holderness in the East-Riding of Yorkshire, by Frederick Ross, Richard Stead & Thomas Holderness, 1877, p.28 - entry for 'Besom-Bet']]
060 * The History and Antiquities of the Town and Minster of Beverley, [by George Oliver, 1829, pp.532-533 - at Watton]
061 * Word-lore, Practices and Beliefs in Blackamore [index to F.W. Dowson, in Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society, Vol.6 Pt.38, p.31 - Driffield; (Lockton)]
062 * Yorkshire Folk-Talk : with characteristics of those who speak it in the North and East Ridings [by Rev M.C.F. Morris [Vicar of Newton-on-Ouse], 1892, Chapter XI - ("guisers" with Mell Supper;) ploughstots; (sword-dancers) / 'Glossary' - entry for 'Pleugh-stots' [- as below ?]; (entry for 'Sword-dancers')]
063 * Yorkshire Reminiscences (with others) [by Rev M.C.F. Morris [father was Rector of Nunburnholme], 1922, pp.175, 172 - "Plough-Stots", used to be with sword dance, at Nunburnholme]

Hertfordshire

064 * Fragments of Two Centuries : Glimpses of Country Life when George III. was King [by Alfred Kingston, 1893, p.99 - at Royston]

Huntingdonshire

065 * A Short History of Orton Waterville [internet only ?] [by Fred Killingworth, 2008, p.18 - plough witching]
066 * Country Life : Plough Worship [by W.Beach Thomas [son of Rector of Hamerton], in The Spectator, 16th Feb. 1945, p.150 - at [Hamerton], in my youth]
067 * Go She Must! [extract from David Garnett [father of Richard Garnett], 1927 - Literary Work]
068 * Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time [by P.H. Ditchfield [Rector of Barkham], 1896, pp.47-48 - [paraphrasing Plough Monday, by J.G. Frazer, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.V Pt.2, Apr? 1887, p.161]; at Great Gransden; (48-49, vii - paraphrasing A Cavalier Stronghold:, by Mrs Chaworth Musters, 1890; 49 - in Lincolnshire)]
069 * Ramsey & District Community Archive [Ploughwitches" "Ploughwitching" at Puddock Road [TL3384] & Ramsey Heights [TL2585], until the early 1950s]
070 * The Familiar Faces [extract from David Garnett [father of Richard Garnett], 1962 - at Hilton Hall, Hilton, 1925; citation of his Literary Work Go She Must!]

Lancashire

071 * History of the Parish of Chipping, [by Tom C. Smith, 1894, pp.52 - Plough Monday; (53 - pace eggers)]

Leicestershire

072 * A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [2nd edition, revised and enlarged, only] [by Edward Peacock, 1889, p.411 Vol.II - entry for 'Plough-Bullocks']
073 * Desford Memories [in Roundabout Desford, No.5, Autumn 1976, p.6]
074 * Hinckley Bullockers [photos; programme]
075 * Illustrations of the Manners and Expences of Antient Times in England, [by [John Nichols], 1797, pp.169fn, 240fn - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
076 * Leaflets from My Life," : A Narrative Autobiography [2nd edition] [by Mary Kirby, 1888, pp.44, 36 - at Thurcaston, 1840]
077 * Leicestershire & Rutland [County Folk-Lore, [Vol.I] : Printed Extracts, No. 3] [coll. & ed. by Charles James Billson, 1895, pp.101-102 - extract from Richard Fowke's "Ephemeris," or, Thoughts on Every Day in the Year, Notes on the Weather, etc., etc., 1811, by Rev Ernest F. Tower [was Rector of Elmesthorpe], in Transactions of the Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society, Vol.IV Pt.4, 1878, p.294]
078 * Leicestershire Words, Phrases and Proverbs [coll. by Arthur B. Evans, 1848, p.68 - entry for 'Plough-Bullockers']
079 * Leicestershire Words, Phrases and Proverbs [with additions] [coll. by the late Arthur Benoni Evans [Head Master of Market Bosworth Free Grammar School], ed. by Sebastian Evans [his son], 1881, p.215 - entry for 'Plough-bullocks' or 'Plough-bullockers' [- at Market Bosworth ?]]
080 * Lord Beaconsfield and other Tory Memories [by T.E. Kebbel [son of Perpetual Curate of Kilby], 1907, pp.335-336, 149 - Plough Monday at Kilby, sixty years ago; (281-282 [- friend of 3rd Baron] - morris dance at Alderley Park, Nether Alderley, 1884-1903 [- no mention of mumming!])]
081 * Richard Fowke's "Ephemeris," or, Thoughts on Every Day in the Year, Notes on the Weather, etc., etc., 1811 [citation of Rev Ernest F. Tower [was Rector of Elmesthorpe], in Transactions of the Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society, Vol.IV Pt.4, 1878, p.294]
082 * RootsWeb [Agnes Henty's diary (8th Jan. 1866) - "Plough Monday in all its absurdities." - at Rothley Temple]
083 * The Dissenting World: An Autobiography [2nd, improved and enlarged, edition only ?] [by Rev Brewin Grant, 1869, p.9 - "Plough Monday" at Countesthorpe]
084 * The History and Antiquities of Claybrook, [by Rev A. Macaulay [Curate of Claybrook], 1791, p.128 - Morris-dancers at Claybrook from Sapcote & Sharnford - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
085 * The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester [by John Nichols, 1807, Vol.IV p.131 Pt.I - "plough bullocks" - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
086 * The Origin and History of the Primitive Methodist Church [by Rev H.B. Kendall, [1899?], [Vol.I] p.297 - Syston seen at Sileby, 1818]

Lincolnshire

087 * A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [1st edition] [by Edward Peacock, 1877, pp.22 - entry for 'Besom Bet'; 153 - entry for 'Largus'; 173 - entry for 'Morris-dancers'; 195 - entry for 'Plough-bullocks' - extract from Account of the Isle of Axholme, by W. Peck, 1815, p.278; entry for 'Plough-jags, Plough-boys, Plough-lads' - citation of his Literary Work Ralf Skirlaugh, Vol.III p.129]
088 * A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [2nd edition, revised and enlarged, only] [by Edward Peacock, 1889, pp.47 Vol.I - entry for 'Billy-Buck'; 56 - entry for 'Blether-Dick'; 273 - entry for 'Hobby-Herse'; pp.314 Vol.II - entry for 'Largus'; 411 - entry for 'Plough-Jags' - at Winterton]
089 * A Topographical Account of the Isle of Axholme, [by W. Peck, 1815, Vol.I p.278 - "plough-bullocks" with "Billy Buck" cry "Largus" at Haxey]
090 * Chambers's Book of Days [US edition] [ed. by R. Chambers, 1879, Vol.I pp.94-96 - 'Plough Monday' - "plough bullocks" - informed by A Correspondent [Anon]; illustration; (extract from Whitby, by Rev G. Young)]
091 * English Country Life [by Thomas Miller, 1859, pp.455-458 - at [Gainsborough]]
092 * Examples of Printed Folk-Lore concerning Lincolnshire [County Folk-Lore, Vol.V : Printed Extracts, No. VIII] [coll. by Mrs Gutch & Mabel Peacock [daughter of Edward Peacock], 1908, pp.174-187 - extract from A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [1st edition], by Edward Peacock, 1877, pp.22, 153; A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [2nd edition, revised and enlarged, only], by Edward Peacock, 1889, pp.47, 56, 273; Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time, by P.H. Ditchfield, 1896, p.49; The Lincoln Pocket Guide:, by Sir C.H.J. Anderson, 1880, p.79; The History and Antiquities of Boston, by Pishey Thompson, 1856, p.718; Provincial Words and Expressions Current in Lincolnshire, by J.Ellett Brogden, 1866, pp.151-152; Plough Jags, by E.Bentley Wood, in Lincolnshire Notes & Queries, Vol.II Pt.3, Jul. 1890, pp.88-89; Plough Monday Mummeries [I], by Mabel Peacock, in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.VII No.174, 27th Apr. 1901, pp.322-324 & Plough Monday Mummeries [II], by Mabel Peacock, in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.VII No.176, 11th May 1901, pp.363-365]
093 * Notes of the Month [in Antiquary, Vol.XL No.?, Feb. 1904, p.36 - extract from The Standard, 3rd Jan. 1904 - Haxey mummers used to perform some play]
094 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis, 1813, Vol.I pp.400-403 - 'Sword Dance' - fnG - [Thomas] Park notes Morris-Dancers at Lincoln; (extract from Revesby Abbey, Revesby text [which he possesses - now British Library Add. Ms. 44870]; paraphrasing Mode of celebrating Christmas in Yorkshire, by R. S. [Robert Surtees], in Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle, Vol.LXXXI Pt.1:May (New Ser. Vol.4), Jan.-Jun. 1811, pp.423-424)]
095 * Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time [by P.H. Ditchfield [Rector of Barkham], 1896, pp.(47-48 - [paraphrasing Plough Monday, by J.G. Frazer, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.V Pt.2, Apr? 1887, p.161]; at Great Gransden; 48-49, vii - paraphrasing A Cavalier Stronghold:, by Mrs Chaworth Musters, 1890;) 49 - in Lincolnshire]
096 * Plough Monday' lantern slide [As displayed, this is a mirror image of illustration from The Book of Days, ed. by R. Chambers, Vol.I, 1863, pp.94-96]
097 * Provincial Words and Expressions Current in Lincolnshire [by J.Ellett Brogden, 1866, pp.151-152 - entry for 'Plough-boys, Plough-bullocks, Plough-jags']
098 * Review of "Beauties of the Country;" by Thomas Miller [in Monthly Review, New Ser. Vol.I No.II, Feb. 1837, p.263 - extract from Beauties of the Country;, by Thomas Miller, 1837, p.47 - "ploughboys" at [Gainsborough]]
099 * The Book of Days [? edition] [ed. by R. Chambers, 1869, Vol.I - 'Plough Monday' - "plough bullocks" - informed by [Anon]; illustration; (extract from Whitby, by Rev G. Young)]
100 * The Existing Remains of the Ancient Britons, within a small district lying between Lincoln and Sleaford, [by Rev G. Oliver [Vicar of Scopwick], 1846, p.37 - plough-bullocks at Scopwick]
101 * The History and Antiquities of Boston [by Pishey Thompson, 1856, p.718 - 'Provincialisms' - entry for 'Plough-boys']
102 * The Lincoln Pocket Guide: [Enlarged edition only ?] [by Sir C.H.J. Anderson [9th Baronet], 1880, p.79 - plough-jacks with "Billy Buck"; "hobby-horse"]
103 * The Vikings: Traces of Their Folklore in Marshland [by Rev R.M. Heanley, in Saga-Book of the Viking Club, Vol.III Pt.I, [Jan. 1902], p.40 - ("guisers" or sword dancers at Wainfleet, ten years ago;) "Plough bullocks", 1857]
104 * The Vikings: Traces of Their Folklore in Marshland [citation of Rev R.M. Heanley, in Saga-Book of the Viking Club, Vol.III Pt.I, [Jan. 1902], p.40 - ("guisers" or sword dancers at Wainfleet, ten years ago;) "Plough bullocks", 1857]

Norfolk

105 * An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk : Vol.IV [by the late Rev Charles Parkin [Rector of Oxborough][continuing Vols.I-III, by Francis Blomefield [Rector of Fersfield]], 1775, p.287 - 'Aylmerton' - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
106 * Downham [extract from Lynn Advertiser, 16th Jan. 1844]
107 * Folk Life and Traditions of the Fens [extract from Porter, in Folklore, Vol.72, Dec. 1961, p.591 - at Southery]
108 * Journal of the Very Rev Rowland Davies, [was Lecturer of Great Yarmouth] [ed. by Richard Caulfield, 1857, p.74 - at Great Yarmouth, 13th Jan. 1690]
109 * The Norfolk Garland: [comp. & ed. by John Glyde Jun, [1872], pp.110-111 - 'Plough Monday' - prior to the Reformation]
110 * The Perlustration of Great Yarmouth [by Charles John Palmer, Vol.I 1872, pp.20-21fn]

North Yorkshire

111 * A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect: [by Rev J.C. Atkinson [Incumbent of Danby], 1868, pp.(237 - entry for 'Guizard';) 386 - entry for 'Plough-stots']
112 * A Glossary of Words pertaining to the dialect of Mid-Yorkshire; with others peculiar to Lower Nidderdale [by C.Clough Robinson, 1876, pp.ix-xi - "Stotters" at village [unlocated] near Boroughbridge, up to a very few years ago; "Shepherds" at Aldborough; pp.79-80 - entry for 'Madge' - as Whitby Glossary, 1855]
113 * A Glossary of Yorkshire Words and Phrases, Collected in Whitby and the Neighbourhood [by An Inhabitant [Francis Kildale Robinson], 1855, pp.61 - entry for 'Fond Plufe'; 108 - entry for 'Madge or Madgipeg'; 131-132 - entry for 'Plufe Stots or Plough Stots']
114 * A History of Whitby, and Streoneshalh Abbey; [by Rev George Young [Associate Synod Minister of Whitby], 1817, Vol.II pp.880-881 - "plough-stots"; (sword-dance)]
115 * Autobiography of Mrs Fletcher [ed. by The Survivor of Her Family [M. R. [Mary Richardson]], 1875, p.19 - "ploughstott" processions at Oxton]
116 * Christmas in Yorkshire at the Beginning of this Century [by A.J. M. [Arthur Joseph Munby], in Notes and Queries, 6th Ser. Vol.I No.2, 10th Jan. 1880, p.43 - sword dancers [at Clifton]]
117 * Christmas in Yorkshire at the Beginning of this Century [by Mackenzie E.C. Walcott, in Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.XII No.313, 27th Dec. 1879, p.506 - sword dancers - [compilation?]]
118 * Church Folklore [by Rev J.Edward Vaux, 1894, pp.225-226, 169 - shepherds at Aldborough - informed by [Dr [Alexander D.H.] Leadman ?]]
119 * Examples of Printed Folk-Lore concerning the East Riding of Yorkshire [County Folk-Lore, Vol.VI : Printed Extracts, No. VIII] [coll. & ed. by Mrs Gutch, 1912, pp.87 - extract from Holderness and the Holdernessians, by a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society [Richard Stead], 1878, pp.69-70; 87-88 - extract from A New and Complete History of the Town and County of Kingston-upon-Hull,, by Hadley, 1778, pp.823-825; 88-89 - extract from Ouse Bridge to Naburn Lock, by William Camidge, 1890, pp.483-485 - "ploughboying" from Acaster Malbis at York]
120 * Examples of Printed Folk-Lore concerning the North Riding of Yorkshire, York and the Ainsty [County Folk-Lore, Vol.II : Printed Extracts, No. 4] [coll. & ed. by Mrs Gutch, 1901, pp.232-233 - extract from The History of Scarbrough, from the Earliest Date, by Joseph Brogden Baker, 1882, pp.468-469 - at Scarborough & Wykeham]
121 * Fifty Years of a Showman's Life [by [George] Van Hare, 1888, pp.8-9 - plough stots or plough boys at Barlow]
122 * Shakspeare and his Times: [by Nathan Drake, 1817, Vol.I p.137fn - at York, [1770s]]
123 * Slingsby and Slingsby Castle [by Arthur St Clair Brooke [Rector of Slingsby], 1904, pp.230-231 - Terrington with garland dancers and Slingsby with sword-dancers, early part of the last century]
124 * The History and Antiquities of Masham and Mashamshire; [by John Fisher, 1865, p.462 - "Fond Plough" or "Plough Stott" and "Sword-dancers"]
125 * The Rural Economy of Yorkshire [by Mr [William] Marshall [born at Sinnington], 1788, Vol.II p.329 - 'Provincialisms of East-Yorkshire [Eastern moorlands and Vale of Pickering]' - entry for 'Fond-plufe' - "Mab and his wife"]

Northamptonshire

126 * A Bibliographical Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in the Northern Counties of England and in Scotland [by Rev Thomas Frognall Dibdin, 1838, p.44 Vol.I - great plough in the north transept at Castor Church - was it connected with "Plough-Monday"?; ["Palm-Sunday" custom was in fact at Caistor, which Dibdin misread because Paterson spelt as Castor]]
127 * A Short History of Polebrook, by ?
128 * Country Life : Plough Monday [by H.E. Bates [born at Rushden][biographer of Edward Garnett], in The Spectator, 3rd Jan. 1936, p.16 - at [Rushden], twenty years ago; (citation of Go She Must!, by David Garnett [son of Edward Garnett], 1927)]
129 * Ecton : A Northamptonshire Parish [extract from Ecton Village Appraisal Group, 1997 -]
130 * Five Parishes : Their People and Places : A History of the Villages of Castor, Ailsworth, Marholm with Milton, Upton and Sutton [by CAMUS Project, [2004], pp.73, 80 - 'Castor Church', by [Canon] William Burke [Rector of Castor] - citation of Parish News, Mar. 1999, p.14 - great plough used as kindling by workmen in order to dry plaster!; 348-349 - 'Appendix Eighteen' - extract from 'Castor, past and present', by John Hales, 1883 talk - great plough replaced by organ; Castor at Milton Hall, Marholm]
131 * Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases, [by Anne Elizabeth Baker [sister of George Baker], 1854, Vol.II pp.(41 - entry for 'Mummers' - citation of Brockett, Hunter, Carr, Halliwell;) 123-124 - entry for 'Plough Monday, or Plough-Witch Monday'; 124 - entry for 'Plough Witches', 'Plough Witching'; (429-432 - 'Appendix : Mumming' - at Brackley; Thenford Hall [Thenford House], Thenford text, some years since)]
132 * Great Plough at Castor Church [by R.W. Elliot, in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.IV No.108, 22nd Nov. 1851, p.406 - citation of Northern Tour, by Dibdin, p.44 Vol.I]
133 * Life in Crick from the Year 1900 onwards [in Crick News, Vol.2 No.1, Spring 1975 - 'Plough Monday' - at Crick - informed by H. Fretter]
134 * Looking Back, by Annie Beaver, n.d. [internet only] [at Weldon]
135 * Memories of the 1860s, by William Green, 1892 [internet only] [Plough Monday" at Rushden]
136 * Old Peterborough Customs and their Survival : [First Series] [by Charles Dack, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, New Ser. Vol.V, 1899, pp.323-324 - Plough-Monday - Plough Witches and Mumpers - sang ['Old Gray Goose']; (336-337 - Christmas - adjacent villages Morrice Dancers fragment)]
137 * Plough Monday [in Wellingborough News, 12th Jan. 1884 - "a plough witching" at Raunds]
138 * Plough Monday [in Wellingborough News, 14th Jan. 1887 - "plough witches" at Raunds]
139 * Plough Monday [in Wellingborough News, 13th Jan. 1883 - at Wollaston]
140 * Plough Monday [in Wellingborough News, 13th Jan. 1883 - "a plough witching" at Raunds]
141 * Plough Monday [in Wellingborough News, 14th Jan. 1887 - at Rushden]
142 * Plough Monday [by Alexander Palmer, in Northamptonshire Notes & Queries, Vol.III Pt.XXI, ? 1890, pp.152-153 - "plough witches" at [Glapthorn ?]]
143 * The History of Rushden : Chapter XXV [by Dr Charles R. Fisher, in Rushden Echo, 27th May 1921 - until recent years]
144 * The History of your Parish Church [by George Freeston, in Blisworth Church News Sheet, No.103, Jan. 1972 - at Blisworth, up to comparatively recent times]
145 * The Shepherd's Calendar; [by John Clare, 1827, pp.(95 - 'December' - "Morris-dance";) 156-157 - 'The Rivals; A Pastoral' - "Plough-witch-Monday"]
146 * The Story of Milton Malzor [Milton Malsor] [by Rev B.E. Evans [Rector of Milton Malsor], 1924/1997, p.225 - extracts from School logbook (9th Jan. 1865 & 13th Jan. 1868) [- L208 Chap.XIV]]
147 * Town Plough [by Brick [pseud], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.VII No.179, 2nd Apr. 1853, p.339 - great plough in the belfry at Castor [sic] Church - was connected with "Plough Monday"?]
148 * Weather and Folk Lore of Peterborough and District : (Second Series) [by Charles Dack, 1911, pp.8 - 'January' - at Peterborough, this year; Plough witches at Northampton, 1910; (18 - 'December : St. Andrew's Day' - citation of Old Peterborough Customs and their Survival : [First Series], by Charles Dack, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, New Ser. Vol.V, 1899, pp.336-337)]
149 * West Haddon Endowed School History [extract from logbook (9th Jan. 1882) - "… although several children are absent patrolling the village in a variety of costumes as “plough boys" in the hope of obtaining alms from the charitably disposed."]

Northumberland

150 * A View of Northumberland [by W. Hutchinson, 1778, Vol.II 'Ancient Customs' pp.17-19 - (Mell-Supper; "sword dance";) Stot Plough]
151 * An … View of the County of Northumberland, [2nd edition, corrected and enlarged, only ?] [by E. Mackenzie, 1825, Vol.II pp.246-247 - 'Wark Parish' - "Fool's Plough", about 30 years ago]
152 * Exhibited : Two manuscript Account Books of Household and Farm Expenses, from 1749 to 1764 inclusive [by Joseph Oswald, in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Ser.3 Vol.IX No.14, [Apr] 1920, p.207 - Slaley [sic] Fool Plough, 1750]
153 * Fool's Plough" [by R.Hedger Wallace, in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.I No.18, 30th Apr. 1898, p.348 - citation of History of Northumberland, by Mackenzie]
154 * History of Corbridge and its Antiquities: [by Robert Forster, 1881, pp.55-57 - "Full Plough", nearly seventy years since; seen at Belsay Castle, Capheaton Hall, Swinburne Castle, etc; origin of "plough night"; (extract from Newcastle Courant, 26th Dec. 1879 - "sword dancing")]
155 * History of Northumberland [by Rev John Hodgson [Vicar of Hartburn], Pt.II Vol.III, 1840, p.139fn - "like our north country fool-ploughmen (and sword-dancers)"]
156 * Northumberland Words [by Richard Oliver Heslop, Vol.I, 1892, pp.(52 - entry for 'Bessy' - extract from Wor Mally Turned Bloomer;) 307 - entry for 'Full-plough'; (II, 349 - entry for 'Guizard, Guizart, Guizer'; 714 - entry for 'Sword-dancers'; 737 - entry for 'Tommies an' Bessies')]
157 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [by John Brand, 1777, pp.175-179 - "White Plough"; (extract from An English Dictionary:, by Coles) - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
158 * Proceedings of the Society : Communications [by Editor [W.Hylton Dyer Longstaffe], in Archaeologia Aeliana, New Ser. Vol.III, 1859, p.256 - White Plough at Norham, 1777]
159 * The Life and Letters of John Collingwood Bruce [by Sir Gainsford Bruce [his son], 1905, p.207- extract from Nov. 1876 lecture - informed by the late [Joseph] Fairless that song was sung on "Plough Nights" at Corbridge]
160 * The North-Country Garland of Song : Robin Spraggon's Auld Grey Mare [by John Stokoe, in Monthly Chronicle of North-Country Lore and Legend, Vol.II No.14, Apr. 1888, p.170 - as above]

Nottinghamshire

161 * A Bunch of Keys … : A Christmas Book [ed. by T. Hood, 1865, pp.23, 1 - 'The Ring', by Thomas W. Robertson [born at Newark-on-Trent] - raddle - Literary Work]
162 * A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire [2nd edition, revised and enlarged, only] [by Edward Peacock, 1889, p.411 Vol.II - entry for 'Plough-Bullocks' - in south Nottinghamshire]
163 * An Art-Student in Munich [by Anna Mary Howitt [daughter of Mary Howitt], 1853, Vol.I p.209 - "English Plough-Bullocks" at [Nottingham ?]]
164 * Bingham Heritage Trails Association (BHTA) [extract from School logbook (Jan. 1879) - "Many absent on Monday morning running about the town as "ploughboys" begging money."]
165 * On Ancient Customs and Sports of the County of Nottingham [extract from Llewellynn Jewitt, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.VIII, 1853, p.238 - at Newstead, Mansfield & Southwell]
166 * Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons [ed. by Mary Howitt [wife of William Howitt], 1854, p.45fn - at ([Uttoxeter], Staffordshire, thirty years ago;) [Nottingham ?], Nottinghamshire, ten years ago]
167 * Plough Bullocks' and Other Plough Monday Customs in the Nottingham Area, 1800-1920 [citation of Peter Millington, in Transactions of the Thoroton Society, Vol.109, 2005, pp.127-137]
168 * Plough Bullocks' and Other Plough Monday Customs in the Nottingham Area, 1800-1920 [by Peter Millington, in Transactions of the Thoroton Society, Vol.109, 2005, pp.127-137]
169 * Remembering Sutton Bonington [by Crawford & Hurst, 1986]
170 * The Diary of John Cam Hobhouse [internet only][- as British Library Add. Ms. 56529] [ed. by Peter Cochran, 2009, p.165 - 'Athens : 4th Feb. 1810' - "like the Fool on Plough Monday" - said by William Fletcher [valet of Lord Byron][5th Baron] - at [Newstead Abbey, Newstead ?]]
171 * The Life of General William Booth [by E.H. Begbie, 1919, Chapter 2 - at Sneinton]
172 * The Nottingham & Melton Railway 1872-2004 [4th edition] [extract from Colin Aldworth, 1999, p.179 - at Upper Broughton. Similar to www.folkplay.info/Notts/Td00426.htm.]
173 * The Rural Life of England: [by William Howitt, 1838, Vol.II p.144 - Possible influence of Methodism on the demise or otherwise of calendar customs such as plough-bullocking]
174 * The Victoria History of the County of Nottingham. Vol.2 [ed. by William Page, 1910, p.412 - 'Old-Time Sports', by F. Bonnett - Plough Bullock Day [- paraphrasing Notes about Notts, by Cornelius Brown, 1874, pp.83-85]]

Rutland

175 * Rutland Words [coll. by Rev Christopher Wordsworth [lately Rector of Glaston], 1891, pp.(23 - entry for 'Mummers' - at [Stanford in the Vale]; at [Alvechurch ?]; Edith Weston [sic] seen at Lyndon - informed by Rector of Lyndon;) 27 - entry for 'Plough Monday'; entry for 'Plough-Witchers']
176 * The Leicestershire & Rutland Village Book [extract from comp. Leicestershire & Rutland Federation of Women's Institutes, 1989, p.150 - 'Seaton' - Ploughboy Monday]

South Yorkshire

177 * A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield [extract from Sidney Oldall Addy, 1888, p.177 - entry for 'Plough-Bullocks']
178 * A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield [by Sidney Oldall Addy, 1888, p.177 - entry for 'Plough-Bullocks']
179 * Antiquarian News [in Antiquary, Vol.VII No.?, Apr. 1883, p.180 - "plough bullocks" at Ecclesfield]
180 * Ecclesfield History ["Plough Bullocks" at Ecclesfield Hospital Parade (displayed on a cart) on Saturday of third weekend after Whitsun]
181 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) Incidental Material [Refs. (6Y4; 6Y21; 6Y27; 6Y29;) 6Y32] [Pace Egging Songs at Egton; Pace Egging Songs at Heptonstall; Christmas Mumming at Carleton; Mumming at Golcar;) Plough Bullocks at Ecclesfield]

Staffordshire

182 * A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, in Staffordshire [by John Sleigh, 1862, pp.(138 - Souling song;) 139 - Plough Monday]
183 * A History of the County of Stafford. Vol.07 [ed. by M.W. Greenslade, 1996, p.146 - 'Leek : Leek and Lowe : Social and Cultural Activities', by N.J. Tringham - citation of A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, [2nd edition], by John Sleigh, [1883], p.218]
184 * England Sixty Years Ago [by Dr Luke Roden [Dr Alfred Wigan], in Illuminated Magazine, Vol.I, May-Oct. 1843, pp.297-298 [- at Abbots Bromley, pp.300-301]]
185 * History and Antiquities of the Town and Neighbourhood of Uttoxeter, [2nd, revised, edition only] [by Francis Redfern, 1886, pp.355-356 - (Gratwich song heard at Field; at Uttoxeter; geesers or guisers at Gratton, Horton;) citation of Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons, by Mrs Howitt]
186 * Lectures, Verses, Speeches, Reminiscences, & c. [by William Challinor, 1891, p.34 - as A Few Gleanings Connected with the 'History of Leek', in Staffordshire Sentinel, 26th Mar. 1864 - ("Soul caking",) Plough Monday, (guisers at Christmas)]
187 * Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons [ed. by Mary Howitt [wife of William Howitt], 1854, p.45fn - at [Uttoxeter], Staffordshire, thirty years ago; ([Nottingham ?], Nottinghamshire, ten years ago)]
188 * The Folklore of Staffordshire [by C.S. Burne, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, New Ser. Vol.II, 1896, pp.31-32 - ("Guisers" at Eccleshall, at Cheadle & about Rugeley; "souling" in north Staffordshire, but "Clementing" in south Staffordshire;) Plough Monday at some villages on the Trent near Burton]
189 * The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England [New edition only - much enlarged and corrected, by J.Charles Cox] [by Joseph Strutt, [1903], pp.273-274fn - 'Plough Monday' - at Parwich, 1847-1848; (274fn - 'Easter Games' - possesses 2 chapbooks)]

West Yorkshire

190 * A List of Provincial Words in Use at Wakefield in Yorkshire; [coll. by William Stott Banks, 1865, pp.(48 - entry for 'Mummers';) 53 - entry for 'Ploo Stots'; (56 - entry for 'Raper Doncers')]
191 * The Costume of Yorkshire, [extract from George Walker, 1814, plate XI - 'The Fool Plough']
192 * The Costume of Yorkshire, [extract from George Walker, 1814, plate XI - 'The Fool Plough']
193 * Verses and Notes [by John Wilson, 1903, pp.181-186 - '"Plough Stotting"' - at North Elmsall; ('"Raper" or Sword Dancing' - at North Elmsall; '"The Horse-Head," or, "The Queen's Pony"' - Poor Old Horse at Kirk Smeaton [sic])]

[General]

194 * A Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandry [Newly corrected and amplified edition only] [by Thomas Tusser, 1570, fol.36r - 'The plough mans feasting times : Plough Monday' - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
195 * Albions England [by William Warner, 1589, p.108 Pt.II - "Rock, & plow Modaies gams sal gang, with Saint-feast[s] & kirk-sights" - Literary Work - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
196 * An English Dictionary: [by E. Coles, 1676 - entry for 'Plow-Monday' [- probably just via Glossographia: [4th edition only], by T. B., 1674, p.497] - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
197 * BBC Radio 4 - Making History, 19th Oct. 2004 [Radio programme notes, with further reading and links]
198 * Dandelion Days [by Henry Williamson, 1922, pp.179-181 - Literary Work]
199 * Five Hundreth Points of Good Husbandry [by Thomas Tusser, 1573, fol.77r - 'The plowmans feasting daies : Plough Munday' - see above - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
200 * Fool's Plough" [by C.P. Hale, in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.II No.27, 2nd Jul. 1898 p.11 (- citation of A Glossary of Yorkshire Words and Phrases, Collected in Whitby and the Neighbourhood, by An Inhabitant [Francis Kildale Robinson], 1855, pp.131-132 - entry for 'Plufe Stots or Plough Stots')]
201 * Fool's Plough" [by W.C. B. [Rev W. Consitt Boulter], in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.II No.27, 2nd Jul. 1898, p.11 - citation of Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.505-510]
202 * Glossographia: [4th edition only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount], 1674, p.497 - entry for 'Plow-Monday' - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
203 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis, 1813, Vol.I pp.396-400 - 'Fool Plough' - fnA - extract from A View of Northumberland, by W. Hutchinson, 1778, Vol.II ad finem pp.18-19; extract from Illustrations of the Manners and Expences of Antient Times in England, by [John Nichols], 1797, pp.169fn, 240fn; fnC - extract from On the Octaves of Festivals - Low-Sunday and Plough-Monday, by T. Rowe [Rev Samuel Pegge the Elder [the Rector of Whittington]], in Gentleman's Magazine, Vol.32, Dec. 1762, pp.567-569; extract from The History and Antiquities of Claybrook, by Rev A. Macaulay, 1791, p.128; extract from Five Hundreth Points of Good Husbandry, by Thomas Tusser, 1573, fol.77]
204 * Plough Monday [by William Hone, in The Every-Day Book;, Vol.I, 18??, cols.71-77 - illustration, by [Samuel Williams ?]; History of Norfolk, by Blomefield]
205 * Plough Monday [by William Hone, in The Every-Day Book;, Vol.I, 1826, cols.71-77- illustration, by [Samuel Williams ?]; History of Norfolk, by Blomefield]
206 * Plough Monday Custom [by R.W. Hackwood, in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.I No.24, 14th Jun. 1856, pp.475-476]
207 * Plough Monday Custom [by Henry Kensington, in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.I No.20, 17th May 1856, p.386]
208 * Plough Rituals in England and Scotland [by Thomas Davidson, in Agricultural History Review, Vol.7 Pt.1, 1959, pp.27-37]
209 * The Broken Arm; A National School Story [by [Anon][Jane Alice Sargant], Pt.II, 1849, pp.73-74 - Literary Work]
210 * The Life of Thomas Telford [by Samuel Smiles, 1867, Chapter III - 'Manners And Customs Influenced By The State Of The Roads']
211 * The Note Book of an American Parson in England [by G. Monroe Royce, 1918, pp.227-231 - 'English Oral Tradition' [- not as Nineteenth Century and After, Vol.LXI No.CCCLXI, Mar. 1907, pp.436-445] - (Berkshire "Mummers" fragment, 1904;) "Plough Monday" at [unlocated], 1905]

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