Folk Play Links - Mummers, Mumming, Mummering, etc.

Compiled by C. Little

Some non-play customs and their practitioners have the same names as the plays and their actors. e.g. Cakers, Guisers, Mummers, Pace Eggers, Morris Dancers, Plough Bullocks, Soulers, Sword Dancers etc. This can be confusing.

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


001 * A Catalogue of the Manuscripts preserved in the British Museum hitherto undescribed: [by Samuel Ayscough, 1782, pp.321, vii-viii Vol.I - 'Ms. 4784' - No.11]
002 * Bodley's Visit to Lecale, County of Down, A.D. 1602-3 [as now Trinity College Dublin Library Ms. 1087] [by [Rev [William] Reeves], in Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol.2, 1854, pp.92-93 - copy of British Library Add. Ms. 4784 ff.87-94 [- itself copy of Bodleian Library Ms. Tanner 444]]
003 * Catalogi Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae : Pt.IV : Codices of Right Rev Thomas Tanner [by Alfred Hackman, 1860, col.771 - 'Ms. 444']
004 * Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin [comp. by T.K. Abbott [Librarian], 1900, pp.122 - 'Ms. 734' - ?; 191, vi - 'Ms. 1087' - copy of British Library Add. Ms. 4784; [not catalogued - 'Ms. 1751' - was Phillipps Ms. 9321]]
005 * Illustrations of Irish History and Topography, Mainly of the Seven-Teenth Century [extract from C.Litton Falkiner, 1904, pp.342-343 - extract from Bodley's Visit to Lecale, County of Down, A.D. 1602-3, by [Rev [William] Reeves], in Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol.2, 1854, pp.92-93]
006 * The Old Irish World [by Alice Stopford Green, 1912, pp.145-146, 166 - 'A Castle at Ardglass' - extract from Bodley's Visit to Lecale, County of Down, A.D. 1602-3, by [Rev [William] Reeves], in Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol.2, 1854, pp.92-93]


007 * An History of the Original Parish of Whalley, [3rd edition, revised and enlarged, only] [by Thomas Dunham Whitaker [Vicar of Whalley], 1818, p.309 - 'The Journal of Nicholas Assheton, of Downham,' - 6th Jan. 1618 - Read seen at Whalley]
008 * Guising and Mumming in Derbyshire. I. The Old Tup. II. The Old Horse [by S.O. Addy, in Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Vol.XXIX, 1907, pp.(31-42 - Castleton, Handsworth Woodhouse & Handsworth old tup songs, at Upperthorpe, Norton & Dronfield; [Eckington ?] "the old horse" song, at Norton & Dronfield;) 36 - mumming (non-play) at Laneshaw Bridge; (42fn - guisers at Aston-on-Trent)]
009 * Lancashire Folk-Lore: [comps. & eds. by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1867, pp.254-256 - 'Christmas Customs in the Fylde' - extract from History of Blackpool, by William Thornber [Incumbent [Perpetual Curate] of Blackpool][! born at Poulton-le-Fylde], 1837 , pp.88-92 - Christmas "Mutes"; (saumas cake) - both at Poulton-le-Fylde, about eighty years ago]
010 * OneGuyFromBarlick ["Mumming" at Colne]
011 * The Journal of Nicholas Assheton of Downham, [ed. by Rev F.R. Raines, 1848, pp.74-75 - as above, with additional notes]


012 * Carriages & Coaches : Their History and their Evolution [by Ralph Straus, 1912, p.93 - extract from Coach and Sedan pleasantly disputing for Place and Precedence, the Brewer's Cart being Moderator, by Mis-amaxius, 1636]
013 * Coach and Sedan, Pleasantly Disputing for Place and Precedence : The Brewers-Cart being Moderator [by Mis-amaxius [Henry Peacham the Younger], 1636, img.5 - "(not much unlike that which Mummers make of strawen hatts)" - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]


014 * Antiquitates Vulgares; [by Henry Bourne [Curate of All Saints, Newcastle], 1725, pp.147-150 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]

Nova Scotia

015 * Folklore of Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia [by Helen Creighton, 1950, pp.59-60 - German "belsnickling" firing the old year out and the New Year in - see Philadelphia]
016 * The Diary of Adolphus Gaetz [ed. by Charles Bruce Fergusson [Archivist of Nova Scotia Archives], 1965, pp.67, 12 - '31st Dec. 1861' - firing away the old year out and the new year in at Lunenburg - see Philadelphia]


017 * Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary, [ed. by Frederick Madden, 1831, p.252 - 'Index and Notes' - as below, but he names them morris-dancers]
018 * Sir Frederic Madden at Oxford [by C.K. Francis Brown, in Oxoniensia, Vol.XXXV, 1970, p.45 - extract from Bodleian Library Ms. Eng. Hist. c.140-182 - '14th May 1825' - troops of dancing Mummers or Mazers]


019 * A Day in the Ma'sh [in the Neck] [by Maurice F. Egan, in Scribner's Monthly, Vol.XXII No.3, Jul. 1881, pp.350; 344 - "New-Year's shooting" [- but actually is German "bell snicklin'" rather than English "mumming"]; with illustration, by Henry R. Poore?]
020 * British Pathe
021 * Extracts from the Journal of Elizabeth Drinker, [ed. by Henry D. Biddle [her great-grandson], 1889, pp.130 - '31st Dec. 1780' - foolish custom; 217 - '31st Dec. 1793' - foolish custom; 354 - '31st Dec. 1799' - ridiculous custom; 370 - '31st Dec. 1801' & '1st Jan. 1802' - absurd custom - all of firing out the old year]
022 * Lower Merion Historical Society [Joseph Price's diary (31st Dec. 1825) - firing away the old year]
023 * Mummers" of 50 Years Ago [by [Anon], in Evening Ledger, Vol.I No.83, 18th Dec. 1914, p.8d - "New Year shooters" in the Neck were [German] "Bell Snicklin'" rather than English "mummers"]
024 * New Year's Eve and New Year's Day [by Uneda [William Duane][son of William J. Duane], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.VIII No.217, 24th Dec. 1853, p.618 - German "firing out the old year" and "firing in the new year"]
025 * Notes on Italy [by Rembrandt Peale [lived at Philadelphia], 1831, p.178 - '31st Jan. 1829' - like firing away the old year]
026 * Philadelphia : A History of the City and its People [by Ellis Paxson Oberholtzer, [1912?], Vol.I pp.167-168 - protest against German "shooting out" in 1751 then prohibited in 1774]
027 * Philadelphia New Year's Shooters and Mummers Association
028 * Strut! [The Movie]
029 * The Mummers' Curse [extract from Gillian Roberts, 1996 - set during the Philadelphia New Year Mummers' parade - Chapter 1 - Literary Work]
030 * The Philadelphia Mummers : Building Community Through Play [Book for sale: by Patricia Anne Masters, 2007]
031 * The Philadelphia Mummers: A New Year Pageant [citation of Glah, in New York Folklore Quarterly, Vol.VIII No.4, Winter 1952, pp.291-300]

West Yorkshire

032 * Chronicles and Stories of Old Bingley [by Harry Speight, 1898, p.275 - mummers (non-play); (The Peace Egg, or Sword Dancers)]
033 * Hebden Bridge Literary and Scientific Society : Local History Collection [Ref. YDPE] [citation of Good luck's afoot when Mummers come sweeping in, by Beryl Jones, in Manchester Evening News and Chronicle, No.29410, 31st Dec. 1963, p.3defghi - at Hebden Bridge & Todmorden]
034 * Mumming" [by William Andrews, in Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.I No.14, 4th Apr. 1874, p.383 - "sweep out the old year" at Bradford]
035 * Notes on the Folk Lore of the Northern Counties of England and the Borders [by William Henderson, 1866, pp.54, xi - note by Rev S. Baring-Gould [Curate of Horbury] - mummers (non-play) at Wakefield, Stanley [sic] & Horbury; (Christmas-tup at Horbury)]
036 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) Incidental Material [Refs. (6Y4; 6Y21; 6Y27;) 6Y29; (6Y32)] [Pace Egging Songs at Egton; Pace Egging Songs at Heptonstall; Christmas Mumming at Carleton;) Mumming at Golcar; (Plough Bullocks at Ecclesfield)]
037 * The Letters to Gilbert White of Selborne from the Rev John Mulso [Rector of Thornhill] [ed. by Rashleigh Holt-White [his great-grandnephew], [1906], pp.159, 148 - 'Letter 97 : 13th Jan 1761' - Mummers (non-play ?) at [Thornhill] - unfortunately, untold because he didn't have room]
038 * The South & West Yorkshire Village Book [extract from comp. South & West Yorkshire Federations of Women's Institutes, 199? - 'Laycock' - Mumming Night]


039 * Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis [majority was Thomas Astle Collection] [by Rev Charles O'Conor [Librarian to 2nd Marquess of Buckingham], Vol.II, 1819, p.388 - 'Ms. XXXIII' - No.10 - copy, by Elias Ashmole, from Bodleian Library Ms.]
040 * Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum [by [British Museum Department of Manuscripts], Vol.I : Text, 1895, p.679 - 'Ms. 1055 [re-numbered]' - No.10 - copy from Bodleian Library Ms. Aubrey 1]
041 * Memoir of John Aubrey, [by John Britton, 1845, pp.84-85 - citation of Bodleian Library Ms. Aubrey 1 - manuscript for An Essay Towards the Description of the North Division of Wiltshire, by John Aubrey]
042 * Miscellanies On Several Curious Subjects: Now first Publish'd from their Respective Originals [ed. by [Rawlinson], 1714, p.30 - 'An Introduction to the Survey and Natural History of the North-Division of the County of Wiltshire', by J. Aubrey [- as Bodleian Library Ms. Aubrey 1] - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
043 * Miscellanies upon Various Subjects [5th edition only ?] [by John Aubrey, 1890 - 'Appendix' - 'An Introduction to the Survey and Natural History of the North-Division of the County of Wiltshire' - extract from Miscellanies On Several Curious Subjects, 1714]
044 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis, 1813, Vol.I pp.354-358 - 'Mumming' - fnA - (citation of Historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards, by Joseph C. Walker, 1786, pp.152-154;) extract from An Abridgement of the Notable Worke of Polidore Vergile , by Thomas Langley, 1546, f.Ciii; fnE - extract from Antiquarian Repertory, No.XXVI; extract from book - 'Introduction' to 'Survey of Wiltshire', by Aubrey]
045 * The Customs and Manners of the English [in Antiquarian Repertory, Vol.III No.II [No.XXVI], Feb? 1780, p.45 - extract from Thomas Astle Collection - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]


046 * An Abridgement of the Notable Worke of Polidore Vergile ... [by Thomas Langley, 1546, f.Ciii - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]

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